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Ankle Sprains/Ankle Fractures

Ankle sprains are one of the most common musculoskeletal injuries, often occurring when the ligaments that support the ankle joint are stretched or torn due to sudden twisting or rolling of the foot. These injuries can happen during physical activities such as sports, exercise, or simply walking on uneven surfaces. Ankle sprains can vary in severity, ranging from mild to severe, depending on the extent of ligament damage. The

Treatment for ankle sprains aims to reduce pain and swelling, restore stability and function to the ankle joint, and prevent recurrent injuries. Conservative measures may include rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE) to reduce pain and swelling in the acute phase of the injury. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may be used to alleviate pain and inflammation. Physical therapy and rehabilitation exercises are often prescribed to improve ankle strength, flexibility, and range of motion, as well as proprioception (sense of joint position) to prevent future sprains. In cases of severe or recurrent ankle sprains, surgical intervention may be necessary to repair or reconstruct damaged ligaments and restore stability to the ankle joint. Differentiating acute ankle sprains from ankle fractures can be difficult without an X-Ray and therefore it is always recommended to get checkout by a doctor. With proper management and care, most individuals with ankle sprains can expect full recovery and return to their normal activities within a few weeks to months. For more information click here.

lateral ligaments on the outside of the ankle are most commonly affected in ankle sprains, particularly the anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL), but medial and high ankle sprains involving other ligaments are also possible.

The symptoms of an ankle sprain typically include pain, swelling, bruising, and difficulty bearing weight on the affected foot. Individuals with ankle sprains may also experience instability or a feeling of "giving way" in the ankle joint, particularly when walking or standing. In more severe cases, there may be significant swelling and bruising around the ankle, as well as difficulty moving or flexing the foot. Prompt diagnosis and treatment are essential to prevent further damage to the ligaments and promote proper healing of the sprained ankle.

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