top of page


Bunions, medically known as hallux valgus, are bony protrusions that form at the base of the big toe, causing it to angle inward towards the other toes. This common foot deformity can be painful and debilitating, affecting millions of individuals worldwide. Bunions develop gradually over time, typically due to biomechanical factors such as abnormal foot structure, inherited foot shape, or wearing poorly fitting shoes that squeeze the toes together. As the bunion progresses, the joint at the base of the big toe becomes increasingly enlarged and inflamed, leading to pain, swelling, redness, and difficulty wearing shoes comfortably. Without proper treatment, bunions can worsen over time, causing functional limitations and affecting overall foot health and mobility.

Treatment for bunions aims to relieve pain, reduce inflammation, and improve foot function and alignment. Conservative measures may include wearing properly fitting shoes with a wide toe box, using orthotic devices or toe spacers to realign the toes, and applying ice packs or taking nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to reduce pain and swelling. Physical therapy and stretching exercises may also be recommended to strengthen the muscles around the toe joint and improve flexibility. In cases of severe or symptomatic bunions that do not respond to conservative measures, surgical intervention such as bunionectomy may be considered to remove the bony prominence, realign the toe joint, and restore proper foot function and alignment. With proper management and care, individuals with bunions can find relief from pain and discomfort, allowing them to maintain an active and healthy lifestyle. For more information click here.

The symptoms of bunions may vary depending on the severity of the condition but often include pain and discomfort in the affected toe joint, particularly during weight-bearing activities such as walking or standing. Individuals with bunions may also experience swelling, redness, and tenderness at the base of the big toe, as well as the formation of corns or calluses on the affected toe due to friction or pressure from footwear. In some cases, bunions may lead to changes in foot alignment or gait abnormalities, increasing the risk of developing secondary foot conditions such as hammertoes or arthritis. Prompt diagnosis and treatment are essential to prevent further progression of the bunion and alleviate associated symptoms.

bottom of page